“The awarded projects presented opportunities to use technology push the frontier of possibilities for future development of living spaces, in addition to to enhance the living environment for Singaporeans,” both agencies said in a joint statement.

Launched during the Urban Sustainability R&D Congress, and in July 2015 closed in August of the same year, the second call for proposals under the L2 NIC plans to challenge the research community to come up with innovative solutions.

Especially, its aims are to improve the cost effectiveness of underground developments by 50 percent, as well as enrich human comfort and well-being by reducing ambient temperature by 4°C and ambient sound by 10dBA in urban areas.

The five research projects that received funding included a projected study by Nanyang Technological University’s (NTU) Assistant Professor Wan Man Pun to develop cool surface stuff, which may help lower the heat on buildings and road surfaces.

A project by Lee Fook Hou, Associate Professor from the National University of Singapore (NUS), involves developing a prototype equipment to slash the construction costs of underground developments by enabling direct injection of cement into soft earth around corners The Clement Canopy Clementi Ave 1 and obstacles.

NUS Associate Professor Ho Ghim Wei means to create a nanocomposite material for buildings that can transform heat into electricity and help purify the atmosphere.

Another proposed study by NTU’s Professor Chu Jian aims to develop a web-based three-dimensional geological and geotechnical data modelling and management system, to reduce construction cost and increase productivity for future underground developments.

NTU Associate Professor Gan Woon Seng plans to create a software system that can model noise and how the environment affects it. By these means, he expects to develop soundscape hiding techniques to lessen the effect of loud noises.